hypoxico altitude training
“Winning athletes often live or train at altitude where the air is much thinner and their bodies have to work harder to bike, run, lift, throw or jump - When athletes return to sea level after a period at elevation, they’re significantly endurant, stronger and more powerful due to the increased mass of their circulating red blood cells. The more red blood cells - the more oxygen there can be transported to the working muscles, which gives the athlete higher output.”
a smarter way to do things
But 100% Leagal! Training at altitude has been used to improve athletic performance for decades. Following the Olympic Games in Mexico City, numerous American running records fell, and soon after researchers discovered that altitude was the reason. Since that time, many teams and individuals have used altitude training as part of their preparation.
Exposure to reduced oxygen levels (altitude or hypoxia) is a challenge to the human body because oxygen is the primary source of energy for our cells. Under a state of hypoxia the body strives to produce required amounts of energy with less oxygen available. To do so, a protein called Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF-1) sets off a host of reactions geared toward improving the body’s ability to utilize oxygen.
methods & benefits
There are 3 main training methods used to gain the benefits of Altitude Training: Sleeping at altitude, Exercising at altitude, and Intermittent Hypoxic Training.
Some additional benefits include:
- Increased production and release of Human Growth Hormone.
- Decreased oxidative stress from Free Radicals (Reactive Oxygen Species “ROS”)
- Decreased average Heart Rate and Blood Pressure.
- Stimulation of fat metabolism.
reasons for athletes
- Amplified pulmonary oxygen absorption.
- Boosted production of Erythropoietin Hormone (EPO) by the kidneys, stimulating generation of Red Blood Cells (RBCs) and enhanced oxygen transportation through the body.
- Increased capillarization for greater oxygen delivery to the tissues, muscles and brain.
- Enhanced production and rejuvenation of mitochondria (the cell’s hub for aerobic energy production) and mitochondrial enzymes, allowing more efficient use of oxygen for energy production and superior enzymatic anti-oxidative defense.